Up to now, larger framed, bustier American women have not had good implant options, because the U.S. has not allowed the sale of larger implants, as Europe does. This study hopefully will answer some outstanding questions about whether these larger implants are effective. This is a very unaddressed issue in breast reconstruction and one we explore in our upcoming book, “Breast Cancer Surgery and Reconstruction: What is Right for You,” to be published June 16 by Rowman and Littlefield.
Emmy Pontz-Rickert, a young mom who anchors our Web Page and whom some of you will recognize, is making the brave decision this week to remove her silicone breast implants, after causing her pain for two years. As she has, she is making the decision public so others will understand the realities of breast cancer surgery.
Two years ago this month, Emmy Pontz-Rickert, 24, of Ypsilanti Twp. Mich., found out she had breast cancer. She is one of the women we chose to be the face of our book, Breast Cancer Surgery & Reconstruction: What’s Right for You” to be published in June, 2016 by Rowman & Littlefield. Her story resonates here again. Emmy is the mother of a darling little girl, Grace, born this year. She is active in an African orphanage as well as in Michigan breast cancer causes, where she shares her story about breast cancer surgery and reconstruction issues so other women will benefit. Go Emmy.
For years, plastic surgeons have preferred to place breast implants under the main muscle in the chest.
But younger, athletic women having preventative mastectomies and some plastic surgeons have begun to challenge that conventional wisdom.
If a woman is very athletic or lifts weights, some plastic surgeons believe she is better off having what doctors call pre-pectoral placement of the implant. The method is used with additional cadaver and animal tissue known as acellular dermal matrix products, or ADM.
The discussion emerged at the annual conference last week in Philadelphia of Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered, or FORCE. Women asked about the issue at several of the conference’s surgery sessions, which included a leading speaker on the subject.
Dr. Hilton Becker, a Boca Raton, FL. plastic surgeon, said he has performed pre-pectoral implant placement for about seven years, after seeing too many patients develop distortions in their implants when they exercised or the devices moved too high up on their chests. He calls the first problem “animation distortion” and the second, “high-riding implants.”
He uses an adjustable saline implant that can be filled with salt-water in stages. He also adds an ADM product to hold the implant in place, over the muscle.
When the implant is filled to the desired size of the breast, Becker takes out a tiny valve from the implant and closes up the site. Sometimes, he swaps the temporary saline implant for a silicone one, for women interested in the more natural look they think silicone provides. He said adjustable gel implants are available in Europe and many other regions but not the U.S.
Dr. Scott Spear, a Chevy Chase, MD. plastic surgeon, said he has seen doctors change attitudes on the subject but he urged caution about the placement of implants.
Doctors usually place implants under the pectoral muscle because they will be “less noticeable, more protectable,’’ he said. The addition of ADM products on top of an implant also will change the look of an implant, he said. “It’s not going to look as soft.” Spear said women should raise the issue with their plastic surgeons if they are very athletic.
“If someone came to me and said they were really worried about the animation thing and they were worried about lifting weights, I’d do a pre-pectoral placement.”
Dr. C. Andrew Salzberg, a Tarrytown, NY plastic surgeon, said “has been doing pre-pectoral implant placement for many years. “You need this” if you work out every day, he said. There are some theoretical risks doing this. If you were to develop cancer behind the implant, this would hide it a little bit. In cancer patients, they may be an issue. In prophylactic patients, it’s not.”
Becker’s Web site has a power point presentation explaining the method and other reference materials, http://www.beckermd.com/…/02/International-breast-meeting-.….
Above: Dr. Dennis Hammond, a Grand Rapids, MI plastic surgeon, uses markings like these to lay out his breast reconstruction plan, including the size of implants to be used and their placement; and the estimated amount of fat he expects to transfer to add shape and support in breast implant reconstruction.